Faringdon Folly

Folly Hill C1994

 

The Folly Tower was built in 1935 by the 14th Lord Berners, a wealthy and eccentric bachelor. It is the last major folly tower to be built in Britain. The grand opening was November 6th 1936 on Richard Heber-Percy’s 21st birthday. It is 100 feet high (a 6-storey house) and parts of six counties can be seen from its top. On the door to the tower was a sign that read ‘Members of the public committing suicide from this tower do so at their own risk’.

Folly Tower2The tower was built on the site of first a Celtic ring camp, then a medieval castle that was built in c.1144 for the rightful Queen Matilda (Empress Maud). The castle was stormed and taken the following year by her cousin King Stephen during the early civil war known as ‘The Anarchy (1139–1154)‘. In digging the foundations of the tower, some skeletons were found which were dated to the period of the later ‘Civil War (1642-1651)‘. It is believed that Cromwell positioned his battery here in order to bombard Faringdon House. He certainly managed to destroy much of London Street and knock the tower off All Saints Church. After the discovery of the skeletons, further archaeological excavations by E.T. Leeds revealed a single rampart and two ditches surrounding a central keep belonging to the medieval castle. He also discovered pottery of a later period on the site.

DFolly Tower Repairs 1996uring WWII the tower was used as an observation post by the Home Guard. A German spy was arrested there while watching activity on the Brize Norton and Fairford aerodromes, and so the tower was bricked up. For some years after the war access was allowed but, due to vandalism, the tower was bricked up again. It was restored by Mr Robert Heber Percy in 1982/83 and occasionally opened to the public. Further repairs were necessary in 1996, when the whole thing was covered with scaffolding.

The hill was known as Folly Hill long before the tower was built, possibly getting its name from the Norman French ‘feuille’, meaning leafy or perhaps from the earlier Saxon ‘fiæli’, meaning autumn. The original Scots pines were planted by Henry James Pye, the Poet Laureate, about 1790. In an ode for the King’s birthday he referred to so many allusions of vocal groves and feathered choirs that it resulted in the nursery rhyme ‘Sing a song of sixpence’. Henry Pye wrote ‘Faringdon Hill’ in 1774 with reference to the battle at Faringdon ‘Contract the prospect now and mark more near Fair Faringdon her humble turret rear, Where once the tapering spire conspicuous grew, Till civil strife the sacred pile o’erthrew.

Folly Hare 2021Folly Cannon 2021The woodland covering the top of the hill and the tower are now privately owned by the Faringdon Folly Tower Trust. Since 2010 they have developed the woodland to be “a place that offers a good deal of interest and fun whether the tower is open or not”. The tower is open to the public just twice a month during the summer. Among the added curiosities is a wooden cannon commemorating Oliver Cromwell in the Civil War, which points at Faringdon, and a carving of a hare.

Folly Tower Beacon 2000The Millennium Beacon – The idea for the Millennium Beacon came from Peter White, local electrician. He obtained permission from the Folly Trust to erect the beacon on the tower. He also visited local businesses for sponsorship. The total cost of the beacon, £5,860, was raised by these local businesses and by money taken during the open weekends while the beacon was lit. Many people from all over the country came to see it for themselves. The beacon was visible for miles around and permission to erect it had to be sought from the various authorities concerned with aspects of safety, light pollution and aircraft control. It became an officially registered lighthouse. Unique and utterly pointless, it was the only lighthouse that couldn’t be seen from the sea.

Folly Beacon Peter White 2000Folly Beacon 2000A temporary test light from a 1960’s Chieftain tank was mounted on a wooden frame with an electric motor and tilting device. This was placed on the top of the tower and Peter toured the local area to see how visible it would be. The dome was made by putting a mould round a 4ft diameter balloon, then a steel structure covered in aluminium was attached. The complete construction was 17ft tall. It was winched up the outside of the tower to the top and installed for operation on Christmas Eve 1999. The beacon used a 1,000 candle power narrow beam floodlight with the light rotating on a horizontal plane. A team of people helped with the various aspects of the venture, so special thanks go to James Forbes, Nick Foot, Chris Holley, Anthea Kemp, Marion Webb, Trevor James and his workers from Multi Agg.

Folly Tower Nhs 2020The Winter Festival Beacon – Every year since the millennium, December through to March, the Tower has again become a powerful beacon of light. The colours and effects are different every year, maybe a random searchlight or giant white star.

Town Tribute to the NHS – In 2020, the giant white star (photo) stayed on beyond the end of March and into the following year. For a few(?) nights the tower was also bathed in blue light. A token of gratitude from the town of Faringdon for our front-line NHS staff during the Coronavirus pandemic when the whole country, and most of the world was locked down, off and on, well into the following year.

Views towards Folly Hill

Folly Hill Path C1994
1994/95. Path to the Folly from Stanford Road.
Folly Hill From Tuckers Park
Folly Hill from Tuckers Park across the Berners Way Housing Estate.
Folly Hill From A420 1998
1998. Folly Hill from the A420 showing the new houses of Nursery View off the Stanford Road.
Folly Hill From Stanford Rd 1995
1995. Folly Hill from Stanford Road across the field.
Folly Poppies 2004
2004. …and suddenly there were poppies galore blooming on the Folly.
Folly Hill From Highworth Rd 1995
1995. Folly Hill from Highworth Road across Orchard Hill Estate, Bromsgrove and Ferndale.
Highworth Road Folly View 1905
1905. Back then, a clear view all the way to the Folly from the Highworth Road.
Folly Hill From Railway 1953
1953.View of Folly Hill from the railway line somewhere near Cole’s Pits towards Fernham.
Folly Sunset 2020
2020. Sunset over the Folly.

Views from Folly Hill

View North From Folly C1994
1994/5. View north across the Thames Valley towards Brize Norton. Cotswold Hills on horizon.
View East From Folly C1994
1994/5. View east towards Didcot Power Station – all the towers were demolished 2019-20.
Barley Harvest Folly Hill 4
1994/5.View south-east across the Vale of the White Horse towards the Berkshire Downs.
Park Road A420 C1983
1983.View south across the new A420 bypass at junction with Park Road towards Wicklesham Farm (left) and the hills before Fernham.
View South From Folly
c1996.A later view south and one frame to the right shows the new Tuckers Road housing estate in the foreground. A420 bypass beyond.
View South East From Folly
1994/5.View south-west across the newer parts south of Faringdon. Tuckers Road & Berners Way estates, then across Park Road to Tuckers Park. To left are houses on Marines Drive, right is Marlborough Gardens estate. Blue building beyond is the Leisure Centre with secondary school to its right – 1 mile distant.
Sudbury House C1994
1994/95. View west over Sudbury House Hotel and the town centre towards Badbury Hill. Coleshill, Highworth and Blunsdon are in a direct line over the horizon. Highworth Road is visible running left to right across the green hillside beyond the town.


References:
1. The Changing Faces of Faringdon and Surrounding Villages – Bk1 p45, Bk3 p60. By Rosemary Church, Jim Brown, Millie Bryan and Beryl Newman. Robert Boyd Publications 1999 & 2003.
2. Faringdon Community Website: www.faringdon.org/folly-tower-and-woodland.html.
3. Document researched and written by Peter Gale entitled ‘Sudbury House, Faringdon – A Private School in the Early 19th-century, situated within the Bailey of a Medieval Castle’. Download PDF

Researched by Ian Lee, November 2020.

More information on the Faringdon Folly Website: Faringdon Folly Tower & Woodland