Faringdon Railway

In 1841 the Great Western Railway opened a line from London to Bristol and a little later a branch line from Swindon to Gloucester. The main line to London passed straight through the Vale of The White Horse via the near-by villages of Uffington and Challow. The importance of Faringdon as a major cross-roads in the south of England just disappeared and the town went into a decline from which it never really recovered. A local horse-drawn shuttle service started up for passengers and freight to and from Faringdon Road Station at Challow, 5.5 miles away towards Wantage, but people and trade no longer needed to pass through Faringdon like before. In 1858, it was reported in the local newspaper that the fastest train to Paddington took 2 hours and 10 minutes; no horse-drawn traffic could not compete with that. The Prince of Wales inn recorded as being at the station in 1863 was burnt down in 1999 and has now been rebuilt as a private house.

 Faringdon Road Station was renamed Challow Station when Faringdon got its own station in 1864.

Faringdon Station 1919On 1 June 1864, Faringdon found itself with a railway station (photo 1919) at the end of a branch line off the main London to Bristol route of the Great Western Railway (GWR). To be more accurate it was actually a group of prominent local men and their supporters who, acting on their own initiative, built their own 3½ mile railway extension. The Faringdon Railway Company as it was called was set up in 1860 by Daniel Bennett (Lord of the Manor, Faringdon House), Robert Campbell (Buscot House), Henry Saint John Medley, Joseph Clark, Thomas Belcher the younger, Robert Charlwood, Edwin Ballard, Jeremiah Smith, George Frederick Crowdy, and George James Haines.6 They were forced to sell to the GWR in 1881 at a price of £9,250.

Railway Timetable Down 1891Railway Timetable Up 1891

Passengers were required to change trains at Uffington Station but it is said that the GWR staggered the arrival of their mainline trains to make that as difficult as possible. However, things hadn’t changed ten years after they took it over. Looking at the 1891 timetables above there were 6 trains a day, and none on a Sunday. The mainline train would arrive at Uffington Junction just after the train for Faringdon had departed and it was anything up to a 2 hour wait for the next one. It was a similar situation when travelling away from Faringdon. If I am reading these timetables correctly the journey on the Faringdon branch took anything up to a whole hour; it would have been quicker to cycle and also easier to synchronise with the mainline trains.

Acrobat Sml Memories of the Faringdon Railway (Faringdon & The Vale Venture 1972)

Faringdon Station C1910s
c1910s. The train just arriving from Uffington. Looking towards the end of the line at Park Road.

Faringdon may have lost its importance as a major cross-roads but it did remain an important market town for local farm produce. Within 5 years of it opening, between 150 and 180 churns of milk and 200 tons of aggregate a week left the station to join the main line at Uffington. From the time of the closure of the Faringdon spur to passenger traffic in 1951 until the final closure of all traffic in December 1963, Faringdon was used as a central distribution point for goods for the area – Wantage, Lambourne, Lechlade, Cirencester, Fairford, etc. The goods were brought to Faringdon Station by train and then distributed by horse-drawn cart and later by lorry. The station was surrounded by cattle pens, which were filled up on market day, the first Thursday every month, to await collection by cattle trucks. Other large regular items were the delivery of coal for the gas works in Canada Lane and tarmac and stone for the roads around the district. Liddiards, wholesale grocers in the Market Place, were a familiar sight collecting merchandise from the Goods Shed in a horse-drawn cart, and taking them to their warehouse in Swan Lane. The hotel porter from the Bell Hotel used to come and meet the trains and take the luggage of the hotel patrons to the Bell on a trolley, and of course, the postmen used to collect and deliver the mail. But it was the eventual loss of the milk traffic from railway to road transport in the mid-20th century that was perhaps the main cause of the line becoming uneconomical and redundant.

During the 1920s and 30s, a locomotive was permanently stationed at Faringdon. So were two engine drivers, two firemen and two guards. Between them they maintained a passenger service that provided six trains daily in one direction and five in the other.

Faringdon Station Staff 1930s1930s. Some of the staff who worked at the Faringdon Railway Station were: Station Masters: Edward Durbin; Ivor Norton; Jack Hale, who was the last one. Engine Drivers: Fred Carter; Harry Rawlings. Firemen: Fred Cope; Wally West. Engine Cleaner: Bryn Thomas. Booking Clerk: W. E. Major. Chief Porter: John David (Jack) Bowerman is on first chair on left. Ivan Norton is on a chair second from right.

From 1935 and into the 60s, the station master was Mr Haile. In 1960 he was also vice-chairman on the parish council, vice-chairman of the secondary school governors, and was personally instrumental in the founding of the Silver Threads Club.

Many people will fondly remember the Sunday excursions to Weston-super-Mare and the 6d return ticket to Uffington.

Faringdon Station 1n Lt C1950sFaringdon Station 1n Rt C1950s

c1950s. Looking north from the start of the platform towards the end of the line at Park Road. The twin-roofed station building with its two tall chimneys can be seen in the distance towards the end of the platform (1st photo). Notice the same gentleman standing on the platform in both photos. The main passenger line went to the left of the platform and branch lines for servicing and storage went to the right (2nd photo).

Faringdon Station 4s Carpark C1950sFaringdon Station 3s C1950s

c1950s. Looking south from the entrance and end of line on Park Road to the station building and car park.

Faringdon Station C1950s
c1950s Faringdon railway station and car park looking north towards the entrance and houses on Park Road.
Faringdon Goods Train 1950s
1950s. The Faringdon Goods Train at Knighton running on the ‘up’ line to Uffington. It had two coal trucks, one box van with general goods, two petrol tanks and a guard’s van
Knighton Crossing 1952
1952. Knighton Crossing. The Cheltenham Flyer passing a goods train being held up in the loop.
Knighton Crossing Signal Box 1952
1952. Nelson Edwards in the Knighton Crossing signal box.
Faringdon Railway 1953
1953. A goods train passing Folly Hill on its way from Faringdon Station to the junction at Uffington.
Folly Hill From Railway 1953
1953.View of Folly Hill from the railway line somewhere near Cole’s Pits towards Fernham.

Park Road Old Station 19881988. For a while, after the closure of the railway in 1963, the old waiting room became an undertaker’s ‘Chapel of Rest’. It was occupied at this time by Russel Spinage (funeral director) & Michael Devitt (builders & decorators). The entrance to what was the twin-roofed station remains the same. To the left, now built on, was a couple of branch lines, for maintenance and unloading goods. To the right of the entrance where the small conifers have now been planted was the very end of the main passenger line.

Faringdon Station 19911991. Graham Benton outside the recently restored station buildings for his new Magpies Emporium. Much of the work was done by himself and wife Michelle. (Four years earlier, he built the old Magpies Emporium on a derelict site at #28 Gloucester Street). The shop specialised in house clearance and salvage and was stocked will all kinds of treasures from baths and bicycles to tiles and terracotta pots. Many reminders of Faringdon’s lost railway era were also kept scattered around and there was a tea room too.

In the late 1990s (?) it became part of Scats, a farmers’ wholesale store. Since 2002, it is now The Old Station Nursery for pre-school children.


  1. The Changing Faces of Faringdon and Surrounding Villages – Book 1 p91 By Rosemary Church, Jim Brown, Millie Bryan and Beryl Newman. Robert Boyd Publications 1999.
  2. Faringdon & The Vale Venture, Issue 20, November 18th 1972
  3. The Faringdon Branch and Uffington Station by Adrian Vaughan, Amberley Publishing Limited.
  4. Faringdon Advertiser, 4th February 1960.
  5. Faringdon Folly, August 1991, p12 Full Steam Ahead!
  6. Faringdon [Berkshire] Railway Act 1860

Researched by Ian Lee, December 2019.

Page first published 21-12-2019 | Last updated 28-02-2024 | Copyright © 2018-2024 Ian Lee | All rights reserved.